Immunological laboratory testing is the basis for the diagnosis of most autoimmune and inflammatory rheumatic diseases. The substantial characteristics of the immune system at the older age include a higher frequency of autoantibodies, a predisposition to the inflammatory reactions, and a shift towards the monoclonal production of immunoglobulins. Interpretation of laboratory tests in geriatric patients should consider the unique characteristics of the immune response in older individuals.
Lapin, S.V. (2020). Interpretation of Laboratory Tests in a Geriatric Patient with Rheumatic Disease. In: Slobodin, G., Shoenfeld, Y. (eds) Rheumatic Disease in Geriatrics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-44234-7_10